Chinese Fringe Tree
Multiple or single trunk deciduous tree with a round canopy. Ridged and furrowed bark in maturity provides winter interest. Origin - China, Korea, Japan.
- Scientific Name:
- Chionanthus retusus
- Mature Height:
- 15' - 25'
- Mature Spread:
- 15' - 25'
- 2 - 4" long, usually oval, dark green lustrous leaves
- Fragrant white flowers with fringe-like petals hang in 4" long clusters at the ends of branches - appear in late April.
- Male and female plants separate. If both present, females produce many small (1/2" - 1") ovoid fleshy blue to purple fruit that attracts birds. Difficult to propagate from seed.
- Root System:
- No surface roots.
- Growth Rate:
- Slow, 4 - 12" depending on care.
- Cultural Notes:
- Regular water. Blooms best in full sun in moist alkaline-acidic soil. Looks best if sheltered from wind. Adaptable to many soil textures.
- Sacramento Specimen:
- Arboretum Terrace Garden, next to Borders in Davis.
- 314 James Drive, Roseville (4 years old)
- Along Putah Creek southeast of Mrak Hall.
Minimum Planting Distances
- from SMUD pad mounted equipment (such as a transformer mounted on a concrete pad): 8 feet
- from a building foundation: 6 feet
- from walks and driveways: 5 feet
- from an air conditioner: 3 feet
- from a fence: 3 feet
- from a utility offset (such as an underground line, pipe or cable): 3 feet
- from a utility overhead (such as an overhead power line): 0 feet
- from a swimming pool: 6 feet
- from a septic system: 15 feet
- between trees*: 12 feet
* To calculate the planting distance between different size trees, add the distances between each species in the column and divide answer in half. Example: the distance between a Red Maple (large tree) and Amur Maple (small tree) is calculated: 25 feet + 15 feet = 40 feet ÷ 2 = 20 feet. The distance between these two different size trees should be 20 feet.